World Geography
 
Category: World Geography
Globally, poverty still has a rural face. Three quarters of the world’s two billion poor live in rural regions, where poverty manifests itself in factors other than simply low incomes. The poor lack access to clean water, educational opportunities, health services and support from the government. Poverty also has a negative impact on social relations and it puts human lives at risk through environmental hazards. Poverty has many faces. Only by taking into account all these factors can development cooperation hope to find effective long-term solutions to poverty in rural areas. In rural areas, crises and conflicts have particularly deep and long-lasting effects. The impact on human development opportunities are extreme and can persist for many years after the cessation of an armed conflict.
1218 days ago
 
Ontario’s economic landscape is changing. With globalization, we are beyond competing with businesses and communities down the road; we now compete with those around the world. We also know that rural Ontario is changing; it’s becoming more complex and diverse, and faces unique challenges. These include a declining population in some areas, an aging workforce, skills shortages and out-migration of youth. We also know that to compete in the 21st century knowledge-based economy, we must do things differently. We must become more innovative and flexible.
1218 days ago
 
Holistic and accelerated development of compact areas around a potential growth centre in a Gram Panchayat (or a group of Gram Panchayats) through Public Private Partnership (PPP) framework for providing livelihood opportunities and urban amenities to improve the quality of life in rural areas. In pursuance to the announcement of Prime Minister on Independence Day, 2003, the Planning Commission submitted a proposal for approval of the Government to implement PURA scheme.
1218 days ago
 
It is not an exaggeration to say that the battle to achieve the global society’s stated objectives on hunger and poverty reduction will be won or lost in the rural areas of the developing countries. Globally, extreme poverty continues to be a rural phenomenon despite increasing urbanization. Of the world’s 1.2 billion extremely poor people, 75 percent live in rural areas and for the most part they depend on agriculture, forestry, fisheries and related activities for survival. The promotion of the rural economy in a sustainable way has the potential of increasing employment opportunities in rural areas, reducing regional income disparities, stemming pre-mature rural-urban migration, and ultimately reducing poverty at its very source.
1218 days ago
 
The overall purpose of development assistance is to improve the livelihoods of citizens in recipient countries, especially the impoverished.Poverty reduction is internationally recognized as an important assistance issue. For example, in 1996 the DAC set a clear achievement goal in its action policy to reduce poverty. (International trends will be described in chapter 1-3.)Development cooperation focusing on rural development is a very important component for poverty reduction for the following reasons:
1218 days ago
 
“The urban population in the Asian and Pacific region between 1991 and 2020 is expected to rise from 991 million to 2.44 billion. This means an additional 1.4 billion people will be living in the urban centers of Asia. Cities already feel this increase tangibly, as they strain to properly service the physical and social needs of their populations. The urban poor feel the pinch as they struggle to feed, clothe and house themselves and to improvise other basic services and amenities like water supply and sanitation. This lack of adequate shelter and services is one of the most pressing challenges confronting most Asian cities on the threshold of the 21st century (HABITAT, 1994)”. This haphazard population growth is exerting a huge pressure on the available existing facilities present in the urban as well as small towns.
1218 days ago
 
A hatchling requires introduction to the world. Journal of Regional Development and Planning is being launched as a peer reviewed journal to provide interdisciplinary and applied perspective on regional development situation, potential, planning, and outcome of ongoing programs. Regional imbalance is a matter of serious concern throughout the globe, especially in geographically large countries of the third world. In a large economy, regions with different resource bases and endowments would have dissimilar growth paths over time. However, even small differences in the growth rates, when cumulated over long periods, will create large differences in standards of living of the people across regions.
1218 days ago
 
Rural areas all over the world are faced with manifold problems: outdated production techniques in agriculture, scarcity of grazing land, lack of access to drinking water, inadequate education options and poor health care, lack of land titles, legal uncertainty, low participation in decision making -a list that is by no means exhaustive. In most cases there are clear-cut disparities between the big cities and the rural areas. Rural development has been on the agenda for many years, and numerous approaches have been pursued to come to terms with the urban-rural divide.
1218 days ago
 
The Albac – Arieşeni territorial system is situated in the North-Western part of the Alba County (Figure 1), at the contact of three mountain units: Bâtrăna Mountains in North and Biharia and Arieşului Mountains in South connected by the Vârtop saddle (1160 m). The touristic resources belonging to the natural environment can be favorable for the development of a major touristic region, taking into consideration the fact that the karst topography is predominating, spectacular in terms of tourism by its morphology (Ilieş et al., 1999, 2008). The anthropic resources are present predominantly in the peripheral mountain units, in the areas which have higher settlements density. The infrastructure has the same characteristics, with a high point of modernization in the peripheral area where the means of communication and the accommodation units are proper for the development of an important tourist region in the Western part of Romania.
1218 days ago
 
India has already made a place on world’s tourism map because of its great potential to attract tourists to the diversity of its tourist sites spread all over the country. It is also known that we still lay behind our other neighbouring countries like China, Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand. In this lesson we will discuss the relationship between the status of infrastructural development, including the transport network and hotel accommodation and tourism. We shall also study the duties of trained functionaries like tourist guides and tour operators at various levels with reference to their places in the management of tourism.
1218 days ago
 
The beauty of nature lies in its variety which indeed is endless. So is the timeless desire in the human beings to appreciate the nature from the bottom of their heart. This is why since ancient times explorers, discoverers and travellers undertook adventurous journeys in spite of all difficulties they came across. The underlying idea of visiting new places to appreciate their beauty, in course of time, has given birth to a modern industry called tourism. It is the job of tourism industry to spot such places of beauty and interest and bring people and places physically closer to one another by providing every facility and comfort.
1218 days ago
 
IRTS 2008, para 2.4: Travelrefers to the activity of travelers. A traveler is someone who moves between different geographic locations, for any purpose and any duration. ƒIRTS 2008, para 2.9: A visitoris a traveler taking a trip to a main destination outside his/her usual environment, for less than a year, for any main purpose (business, leisure or other personal purpose) other than to be employed by a resident entity in the country or place visited. These trips taken by visitors qualify as tourism trips. Tourism refers to the activity of visitors.
1218 days ago
 
Tourism is increasingly being seen as a developmental tool, which can address issues of poverty, employment and community and regional development through what is known as multiplier effects. Over the past 25 years, through its work on understanding who really benefits from tourism, EQUATIONS has repeatedly highlighted the negative impacts of tourism as well as the potentials for positive impacts. We believe that if conducted in a manner which is democratic, just, equitable and sustainable tourism can be an empowering experience. However, policy makers and the tourism industry approach tourism only from the perspective of contribution to the GDP and to company profits respectively.
1218 days ago
 
The NAVSTAR Global Positioning System (GPS) is a satellite-based radio-positioning and timetransfer system designed, financed, deployed, and operated by the U.S. Department of Defense. GPS has also demonstrated a significant benefit to the civilian community who are applying GPS to a rapidly expanding number of applications. What attracts us to GPS is: • The relatively high positioning accuracies, from tens of metres down to the millimetre level. • The capability of determining velocity and time, to an accuracy commensurate with position. • The signals are available to users anywhere on the globe: in the air, on the ground, or at sea. • Its is a positioning system with no user charges, that simply requires the use of relatively low cost hardware. • It is an all-weather system, available 24 hours a day.
1218 days ago
 
A geographic information system (GIS) is comprised of several elements, including • Hardware • Software • Users/People • Procedures/Methods • Data • GIS Organizations… • Select hardware and software • Train their users • Develop procedures • The technology incorporated into business flow, Comprised of two systems -one to handle the spatial elements, another to manage attribute data • Most hybrid systems use a proprietary data model • Separate storage systems complicate database maintenance, increase disk access and network traffic .
1218 days ago
 
This chapter details the methods that the team used to 1) evaluate lands within the study area, 2) delineate Conservation Focus Areas (CFAs), and 3) prioritize individual, privately owned land parcels for protection. The chapter also describes the team’s methods for assessing and evaluating threats to the study area’s ecological integrity. As noted previously, the project’s analysis consists of two main phases operating at two different scales.
1218 days ago
 
Profound technological advances are transforming the basic nature of information management. As governments implement new information technology, conventional paper records are fast giving way to powerful electronic databases. One type of information management system increasingly being introduced by government organizations is Geographic Information System (GIS) technology.GIS technology has been developing steadily since the 1960s. Government organizations in Canada have played a pivotal role in that development.
1218 days ago
 
Information management will be a key to improving farm practices in the coming decades. It makes sense to organize farm information in spatial databases because agricultural systems are inherently spatial. Biological and physical aspects of agricultural systems create spatial heterogeneity, and as a result, patchiness is the rule in the occurrence and distribution of plant pathogens and disease (3). Plant disease management practices can be improved by putting epidemiological information in the same format as other farm information using a geographic information system (GIS). A GIS is a computer system capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying data referenced by geographic coordinates (45).
1219 days ago
 
The impact of disasters – understood as extreme events that cause great damage, destruction, and human suffering – is not the same on all people. Disaster losses are only at first sight the result of the respective events. At second sight, they are reflections of human vulnerabilities that arise from physical, social, economic, and political conditions and inequalities that have little to do with the event itself. For example, 94.25 per cent of all people killed by disasters between 1975 and 2000 were from lowincome or lower-middle income strata. Of these, the very poorest people comprised 68 per cent.1 In the 1991 cyclone disaster that killed 140,000 in Bangladesh, 90 per cent of victims were women and girls, a fact that can hardly be explained by biological and physiological differences alone.
1219 days ago
 
All disaster response begins at the local level and as such, communities must be prepared for whatever happens, no matter how big or small. Health care systems play an integral role in a community’s disaster response; therefore, these systems must also be prepared to meet the tremendous challenges that are brought forth by disasters and public health emergencies. Successful disaster response requires a community and its health care system to: • Define and anticipate disaster risks and hazards; • Prepare the material resources and skilled personnel to respond to these risks and hazards; • Develop comprehensive plans to deploy these resources to assist the community and its recovery; • Learn from disasters and translate the lessons learned into invaluable future preparedness.
1219 days ago
 
The term "natural disaster" is used to refer to catastrophes that arise from acts of nature such as flood, wind, drought and earthquake. However, many people have challenged this terminology as misleading. As long ago as 1976,1 Frederick Krimgold defined a disaster as an event that outstrips the capacity of a society to cope with it. This definition highlights the fact that not every natural crisis event becomes a disaster. Disasters occur only when a natural event damages or destroys human lives and property to such an extent that a society is disrupted. A high wind in an unpopulated area may fell trees and alter landscapes, but it is not considered a disaster if there is no human suffering or damage of property on which humans rely for their welfare.
1219 days ago
 
discussion on the nature, distribution, and impact of disaster events. It also covers the emerging understanding of the nexus between disaster risk and poverty. This information is provided to help policy makers and World Bank task managers who may need data, concepts, or policy arguments to justify attention to disaster risk reduction (DRR) in reconstruction or to define DRR policy objectives in.
1219 days ago
 
discussion on the nature, distribution, and impact of disaster events. It also covers the emerging understanding of the nexus between disaster risk and poverty. This information is provided to help policy makers and World Bank task managers who may need data, concepts, or policy arguments to justify attention to disaster risk reduction (DRR) in reconstruction or to define DRR policy objectives in.
1219 days ago
 
The recurrent occurrences of various natural and manmade disasters like the December 2004 Tsunami, the bomb blasts in the cinema halls of Delhi and many such incidences have diverted our focus towards safety of one’s own life. In the previous class of VIII, IX and X as students you must have read about various natural and manmade hazards – their preparedness and mitigation measures. In class XI, the Board had introduced frontline curriculum on Disaster Management in Unit 11 of the Geography syllabus. In supplementary textbook on Disaster Management in Geography the Board intends to explain in detail various concepts used in Disaster Management and discussed about the causes, distribution pattern, consequences and mitigation measures for various natural hazards like earthquake, tsunami, flood, cyclone, landslide and drought which are a recurrent phenomena in our country.
1219 days ago
 
The flows of the world’s rivers are increasingly being modified through impoundments such as dams and weirs, extractions for agriculture and urban supply, maintenance of flows for navigation, inflows of drainage waters, and structures for flood control. These interventions have had significant impacts, reducing the total flow of many rivers and affecting both the seasonality of flows and the size and frequency of floods. In many cases, these modifications have adversely affected the ecological and hydrological services provided by water ecosystems, which in turn has increased the vulnerability of people–especially the poor–who depend on such services. It is increasingly recognized that modifications to river flows need to be balanced with maintenance of essential water-dependent ecological services.
1219 days ago
 
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